There are 4 Harbours in the Canterbury region: The two commercial ports, Lyttelton and Timaru (operated by Lyttelton Port Company Limited and PrimePort Timaru Limited) and; the harbours of Akaroa and Kaikoura for which Environment Canterbury provides all functions. Commercial vessels include all forms of cargo vessel, cruise ships, fishing vessels, ferries, and tourism operators throughout the region.
Our operations are driven by the New Zealand Port and Harbour Marine Safety Code (the Code) which provides measures for the safe management of ships in ports and harbours. It includes measures to prevent serious harm to people and protection for the marine environment. The Code is administered by Maritime New Zealand. It is a voluntary code with most regional councils and port companies in New Zealand, including Canterbury’s, having adopted its requirements.
Within the Canterbury Region the Code has been assessed as being applicable to the Lyttelton and Timaru Pilotage Areas, and the Kaikoura Peninsula area and Akaroa Harbour. Within these areas a Risk Assessment has been undertaken for commercial vessel operations, and any recreational vessel activities that may have an impact on those operations. A Safety Management System (SMS) has been implemented for the Canterbury Region covering all the waterways in the region and all coastal areas out to the 12 nautical mile limit.
Each SMS contains Operating Procedures. These are used along with codes of practice, Harbourmasters Directions 1-12, 1-13, 2-13, 3-13 and our Bylaws to govern the safety of navigation within our region. All these are living documents that are updated at various intervals (the longest being 5 yearly for the Bylaws) as we learn more over time and are able to incorporate more effective ways of operating. The Maritime Transport Act 1994 (the Act) sets out the responsibilities and functions of a regional council and a harbourmaster and provides powers to undertake those functions. The Act also provides for Maritime Rules (the Rules) to be enacted.
Our Bylaws, the Act, and the Rules between them have requirements, including reporting, for certain operations. Below are the reporting requirements to the HM for hot work, pilots and pilot exempt masters, fuel transfers (such as bunkering) and tanker operations, and dangerous goods. The notification of higher risk operations is needed in order to build a coherent and useful picture of risk across the region.
At present approval is required to undertake hot work on all vessels in Timaru, all oil tankers, and large vessels in Lyttelton. The Hot Work Approval Form has more information.
Fuel transfers (bunkering) and tanker operations – Maritime Rules Part 103 and Bylaws 6.4 and 6.5. Notification of both tanker arrivals and hazardous liquid cargo (such as oil) transfers is required by law, this includes bunkering. A brief summary of reporting requirements from Part 103 is:
Dangerous goods – Maritime Rules Part 24A, Bylaw 6.3. Summary of requirements in Part 24A in relation to reporting of dangerous goods being carried on board:-Notifications inwards to HMa) Vessel arriving from unlimited area, 48 hours before arrival by masterb) Vessel arriving from an NZ port, as soon as practicable and before vessel enters harbour limits by masterc) In any case, owner to supply documentation as soon as practicable and before vessel enters harbour limits-Notifications outwards to HMa) Master to leave a copy of DG documentation with either owner or HM, as determined by HM-Master must make DG documentation available on request to HM -DG incidentsa) Any spillage or leakage (actual or probable) of DGs must be notified to HM as soon as possible.b) Permission for access to a cargo space where DG spillage has occurred requires agreement of HMc) (Re-)commencement of cargo operations post-spill requires agreement of HM-Any DG package (aboard a ship in port) that does not comply with Part 24A to be notified to HM as soon as possible
In practice, this reporting will be done by ships’ agents who will hold the DG information on file (and have it available for inspection at any time by the HM) rather than send it to the HM. The Dangerous Goods Reporting Form has more information.
Pilots and Pilot Exempt Masters – Maritime Rules Part 90, Bylaws 9.3 and 9.4, HM Direction 2-13All pilots and PEC masters must provide a record of their annual port transits and any assessments undertaken during the year to the Harbourmaster during March of each year. More information can be found in the Direction.
It is important that users of craft on Canterbury's lakes, rivers and coastal waters are aware of navigation safety bylaws. These bylaws were made by the Canterbury Regional Council by resolution passed at a meeting of the Council held on the 28th day of April 2011, to become operative on the 1st day of June 2011. Download the navigation safety bylaws below and ensure that you meet them: Navigation Safety Bylaws 2010 (pdf 8 MB)
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