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Flood warning Kaikoura and North Canterbury Rivers - Landslide Dam Flood Warning More Info


  • Taiapure
    the Maori Fisheries Act 1989 in Part III(A) establishes Taiapure - Local Fisheries. Taiapure - local fisheries can be declared by Order-in-Council for any area of "New Zealand fisheries waters (being estuarine or littoral coastal waters) that have customarily been of special significance to any iwi or hapu either,- a. As a source of food; or b. For spiritual or cultural reasons." The object of Part III(A) for these areas is to make "better provision for the recognition of rangatiratanga and of the right secured in relation to fisheries by Article II of the Treaty of Waitangi." Regulations are able to be made for the conservation and management of the fish, aquatic life and seaweed in a taiapure - local fishery.
  • Tāngata Whenua
    people of the land, the people who hold the turangawaewae and the manawhenua in an area, according to tribal and hapu custom.
  • Taonga
    treasured possessions, material or abstract (e.g language); Māori interest in these is protected by the Treaty of Waitangi and New Zealand statute and common lore/law.
  • Targeted rate
    a rate levied for activities that benefit only a part of the region (previously called “separate rates”).
  • TAs
    territorial authorities - includes all district and city councils.
  • Tauranga waka
    canoe landing sites.
  • Tb vectors
    animals that can transmit the disease (tuberculosis) to other animals. Read more about Tb vectors.
  • Te Reo
    the language (Maori).
  • Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu
    recognised iwi authority representing the tribal collective of Ngāi Tahu Whānui – as established by the Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu Act 1996.
  • Te Tiriti o Waitangi
    the Treaty of Waitangi, often used to mean specifically the Maori version which Ngai Tahu and most other chiefs signed (Tau, Goodall, Palmer, and Tau (1990) Te Whakatau Kaupapa).
  • Te Wai Pounamu
    the South Island of New Zealand.
  • Technical efficiency
    means using a resource in a way that any given output is produced at least cost, including avoiding waste. This contrasts with 'allocative efficiency' which means obtaining the best use for the resource.
  • Tectonic deformation
    large-scale deformation of the Earth’s crust due to movement of tectonic plates.
  • Telecommunication / radio communication facilities
    includes transmitting/receiving devices such as aerials, dishes, antenna, wires, insulators, easings, tunnels and associated equipment as well as support structures, such as towers, masts and poles and ancillary equipment buildings.
  • Telemetry
    electronic capture and transmission of data (telemetry) will be required for all consented takes classified as having a direct stream-depleting effect and for the largest water-takes, those that abstract greater than approximately 357,000m3 per year. These larger takes account for 80% of the zone allocation block.
  • Teratogenic
    in relation to hazardous substances, means the capability of causing malformation during the development of an embryo or foetus.
  • Territorial authority
    a city council or a district council.
  • Threatened species
    a collective term referring to any species that is rare, vulnerable or endangered.
  • Tikanga Maori
    Maori concepts.
  • Tino rangatiratanga
    full chieftainship and authority, including the right to permit or deny others. Inherent sovereignty. (Tau, Goodall, Palmer, and Tau (1990) Te Whakatau Kaupapa).
  • Total Mobility
    scheme to assist eligible people with impairments to access appropriate transport to enhance their community participation. This assistance is provided in the form of subsidised door to door transport services wherever scheme transport providers operate. Find out more about the Total Mobility Scheme.
  • Total Seasonal Demand
    is the total amount of water required to satisfy plant water needs during the main growing period. This demand can be satisfied by rainfall and irrigation. In determining the irrigation component provision has been made for: - an application efficiency of 80% - a system capacity to meet peak demand between 4.0 and 6.5 mm/day - a nominal irrigation season from 1 October to 30 April, and - demand conditions that occur in 4 out of 5 years.
  • Toxicity
    a substance’s ability to have an adverse affect on the health or biological functioning of a living thing (people, plants, animal or microorganisms). The adverse or toxic effect could be minor or severe - short term, long term or permanent. Read more about hazardous substances.
  • Transfer station
    a waste reception facility where waste can be sorted into components for recycling or special use or for transport to a landfill.
  • Travel
    the act of moving from one place to another.
  • Tributyltin (TBT)
    an organo-tin compound used in marine paints as an anti-fouling agent.
  • Turbidity
    the cloudiness of the water caused by suspended particles.
  • Total control
    the treatment of a particular pest by recognised methods at intervals necessary to eradicate them and prevent their reappearance. Read more about animal pest rules.
  • Takiwā / Rohē
    an area over which a particular hapū or whānau has manawhenua. These areas are defined geographically by natural boundaries. The takiwā of neighbouring communites can sometimes overlap.
  • Tapu
    sacred; prohibited.
  • Tikanga
    the rules, management framework or custom.
  • Tī kōuka
    cabbage tree.
  • Tohunga
    priests / wise men.
  • Tōpuni
    An area of land which has Ngāi Tahu values, and is declared as Tōpuni under the Ngāi Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998 and recognised in by other laws. The concept of tōpuni derives from the traditional Ngāi Tahu tikanga (custom) of persons of rangatira (chiefly) status extending their mana and protection over a person or area by placing their cloak over them or it.
  • Tuna
  • Tūpuna